• Richard Arnold

A plane from our "fore" fathers, to a "Jack" of all trades.

There is probably over a hundred years of evolution between these two planes. The smaller fore plane is only 14" long, but the later "armour" pattern jack plane is 17". Both planes are primarily designed to do the same job of initial rough stock preparation, so why did they change so much? The early fore plane has a single, heavily cambered round topped iron with a round topped, stepped wedge. The smaller tote is well offset, and the body tapers in it's Hight in two directions from a central point. By the beginning of the 19th century the jack pane we see here, now sports a double iron with a square top, and matching wedge shape. The tote is much larger and has moved to the center of the body. The stock is now parallel in it's thickness. In my next post I will discuss why I think these changes occurred.